CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS
OF THE ARCHEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF VIRGINIA
ARTICLE I: NAME
The name of this Society shall be the ARCHEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF VIRGINIA (ASV), hereinafter
referred to as the Society. It shall be a nonprofit corporation chartered under the laws of the
Commonwealth of Virginia.
The Code of Ethics of the Society as published in its current official publications is hereby constituted as
part of the governance of the Society.
ARTICLE III: PURPOSES
The purposes of the Society are:
1. To promote the study of archeology and anthropology, especially but not limited to, the
prehistoric and historic periods in Virginia.
2. To work for the proper conservation and exploration of archeological sites and materials.
3. To encourage the scientific study of archeological sites and materials and to discourage careless,
misdirected or commercial collecting of artifacts.
4. To promote the spread of archeological knowledge through the media of publications, meetings,
lectures, exhibits, etc.
5. To collaborate with individuals, organizations and agencies that serve the same purposes as those
of this Society.
ARTICLE IV: MEMBERSHIP AND DUES
1. Membership in the Society shall be open to any person with an interest in the Society’s objectives
and who agrees to adhere to the Society’s Code of Ethics.
2. Non-discrimination – No person shall be denied membership in the Society on the basis of
national origin, race, creed, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, or religious affiliation
3. Persons wishing to join the Society shall submit an application accompanied by payment of one
year’s dues. Persons submitting an application agree to adhere to the Society’s Code of Ethics.
4. Members of the Society may apply to a local chapter for membership in that chapter.
5. Dues for membership shall be as established by the Board of Directors and approved by a
majority of those present and voting at an Annual Meeting.
6. Libraries and educational institutions may subscribe to the Society’s quarterly publications at an annual rate established by the Board of Directors and approved by a majority of those present and
voting at an Annual Meeting. Subscription rates for foreign subscribers shall reflect the difference
in the cost of mailing publications to those subscribers.
7. Payment of dues shall be for the calendar year. A member joining before November 1 shall
receive all publications issued during that calendar year. Membership applications dated after
November 1 shall receive only those publications for the following year.
8. Any member of the Society who is charged in accordance with procedure established by the
Society’s Board of Directors and approved by the membership with a breach of the Society’s
Code of Ethics and/or a criminal offense that is also in violation of the Society’s Code of Ethics
will be suspended from membership, pending determination of the case by those procedures.
9. The President of the Society will appoint a Membership Secretary to receive membership
applications and keep a current list of members and their status within the organization.
ARTICLE V: OFFICERS
1. The officers of the Society shall be a President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, and
Assistant Treasurer. Officers shall be elected to serve for two years. Any officer that accrues three
successive unexcused absences from Board of Directors’ meetings may be relieved of office by
vote of the Board, and a temporary replacement may be appointed by the Board of Directors until
that office can be filled at the next Annual Meeting.
2. Officers and Directors shall be elected by majority vote of those present and voting at the Annual
Meeting. Elections shall be held by ballot unless there is only one candidate for an office.
3. The terms of office for all officers and directors shall begin on the first of January following their
4. Duties of the Officers:
a. President: The President shall preside at all meetings of the Society, shall act as
Chairman of the Board of Directors and shall be ex-officio member of all committees
except the Nominating Committee. The President shall appoint all special committees;
appointments shall be approved by a majority of the Society’s Board of Directors.
b. Vice President: The Vice President shall act for the President in his or her absence or
incapacity. The Vice President shall also perform other duties as requested by the
President and/or the Board of Directors.
c. Secretary: The Secretary shall keep a record of all proceedings of the meetings of the
Society and the Board of Directors, as well as the attendance at these meetings. The
Society’s records shall be archived in a timely fashion.
d. Treasurer and Assistant Treasurer: The Treasurer is responsible for the collection and
distribution of all Society funds and shall maintain records of receipts and distributions of
all such funds. The Assistant Treasurer will serve as backup for the Treasurer and may
also serve as the Treasurer for Kittiewan.
i. The Treasurer shall keep records of all real and personal property owned by the
Society and shall administer any investments, endowments, or trusts of the
Society as directed by the Board of Directors.
ii. Bond for the Treasurer shall be required and the cost of such bond shall be paid
by the Society from the Operating Fund.
iii. Chapters of the Society that choose to maintain a treasury through the imposition
of dues or through other fund-raising methods must account for these funds to the
Treasurer of the Society by February 1 as part of the finances of the Society.
Such Chapter funds must be disbursed in accordance with the purposes of the
Society as defined by these Bylaws.
iv. The Treasurer shall each year prepare a budget of anticipated income and
expense for the following year’s operations and shall submit the budget to the
Board of Directors for approval and to the membership for adoption at the
Annual Meeting of the Society.
5. The President and Vice-President shall serve no more than two successive terms. The Treasurer
and Secretary may serve unlimited terms until a successor is elected.
ARTICLE VI: BOARD OF DIRECTORS
1. The responsibility for directing the activities of the Society shall be vested in a Board of
Directors that consists of the President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, the immediate past
President, the six elected Directors, the chairs of the Standing Committees and the President of
each Chapter of the Society or his or her designee as defined in these bylaws.
2. There shall be six Elected Directors, two of whom shall be elected each year to serve on the
Board of Directors for three years or until their successors are elected. Elected Directors can not
serve more than two, consecutive, three-year terms.
3. Any member of the Board of Directors with three successive unexcused absences may be relieved
of office, and a temporary replacement may be appointed by the Board of Directors until the
office can be filled by election at the next Annual Meeting.
4. A quorum of the Board of Directors shall be twelve members.
5. The Board of Directors shall meet at least twice a year at the call of the President.
6. The President shall recommend, and the Board of Directors shall approve, such positions or
committees as may be necessary to carry out the affairs of the Society.
ARTICLE VII: EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
1. There shall be an Executive Committee consisting of the officers and the chair of each standing
2. The Executive Committee shall be responsible for directing the activities of the Society between
meetings of the Board of Directors.
3. Any actions taken by the Executive Committee shall be reported to the full Board of Directors at
its next meeting.
4. Meetings of the Executive Committee may be called by the President or two or more officers.
5. A quorum of the Executive Committee shall be a majority of its members.
ARTICLE VIII: COMMITTEES AND POSITIONS
1. The following shall be Standing Committees of the Society:
a. Administration: Functions include overseeing fiscal well-being, organizational structure,
membership, and ethical integrity of the society.
b. Education: Functions may include developing and implementing instructional
programming, encouraging scholarly development, and promoting best practices for
c. Research: Functions include proper study and stewardship of archaeological resources to
further scholarly contributions to the discipline.
d. Outreach: Functions include maintaining public presence for and dissemination of
information both organizational and scholarly for the society
e. Kittiewan Plantation: Functions include overseeing the organization, management,
finances, and promotion of the property.
f. Development: Functions may include financial advancement and capacity building
g. Annual Meeting: Functions include assisting the sponsoring chapter with arrangements,
organizing the program, and inviting a banquet speaker.
2. The chair of each Standing Committee shall be appointed by the President from the membership
of the Society. Such appointments shall be approved by the Board of Directors.
3. All Standing Committees shall meet at least twice each year.
4. A quorum for meetings of each Standing Committee shall be 51 percent of its members.
5. The chair of the Standing Committee shall determine whether its functions are carried out by subcommittees or by the full committee with membership reporting to and approved by the
6. All Standing Committees shall maintain complete records of their activities and shall submit
annual reports of their activities to the President and/or the Board of Directors, or as requested.
7. The Quarterly Bulletin editor, the Newsletter editor, Social Media Director, and the website
administrator are appointed by the President with the approval of the Board of Directors, to serve
at the Board’s pleasure or until a successor is appointed. The individual holding these positions
shall be members of the Outreach Committee.
8. The President shall appoint such other committees as the Society or the Board of Directors shall
deem necessary. The President shall be an ex-officio member of all committees except the
9. A Nominating Committee of three members shall be appointed annually by the Chair of the
Standing Committee on Administration, with the approval of the Board of Directors. The
Nominating Committee shall present a slate of candidates for each office to be filled at the next
Annual Meeting. Members of the Society shall receive the report of the Nominating Committee at
least thirty days before the announced date of the Annual Meeting. Nominations from the floor
shall be permitted at the Annual Meeting provided that the nominee agrees to serve.
ARTICLE IX: CHAPTERS
1. The Board of Directors may establish a chapter of the Society upon application of ten voting
members of the Society. If the membership of a chapter falls below six, the Board may, upon
ninety days’ written notice to the President of such chapter, cause it to be disbanded, if the
membership is not increased to the minimum within the said ninety days.
2. All chapter rules, regulations, policies, written bylaws, and activities must be consistent with
those of the Society.
3. All chapter members must be members of the Society.
4. Except as may otherwise be provided by these bylaws, chapters shall be self-governing, and may
meet when and where the chapter members desire. Chapters shall hold at least one meeting each
year. Chapter dues shall be established by each individual chapter.
5. Chapter Presidents shall provide an annual written report of the activities of their chapter to the
Secretary of the Society and will submit an annual financial report to the Treasurer of the Society.
6. If a chapter is disbanded, the assets of the said chapter shall revert to the Society.
ARTICLE X: MEETINGS OF THE SOCIETY
1. The Annual Meeting of the Society shall be held at such convenient time and place as the Board
of Directors shall designate, preferably in October.
2. Special meetings may be called by the President or upon request of a majority of the Board of
Directors. Notice of such special meetings shall state the reason for the meeting. Notice of all
meetings of the Society shall be sent to all members of the Society at least fifteen days prior to
the date announced for the meeting.
3. A quorum for all meetings of the Society shall be five percent of the voting membership.
4. Membership Voting and Rights: Each member 16 years and older shall be entitled to one vote.
5. No proxy or absentee voting will be permitted.
ARTICLE XI: POLITICAL ACTIVITY
No substantial part of the Society’s activities shall consist of attempts to influence legislation. The Society
shall not take part in political campaigns on behalf of or in opposition to any candidate for public office,
nor engage in any other activity that would classify it as an “Action” organization within the meaning of
the Internal Revenue Code, Section 501 (c) (3), nor engage in any other activity that would disqualify the
Society for exemption under the cited Code.
ARTICLE XII: PARLIAMENTARY AUTHORITY
The rules contained in the current edition of Roberts Rules of Order shall govern all meetings of the
Society in all cases to which they are applicable and in which they are not inconsistent with these bylaws
and any special rules of order the Society may adopt.
ARTICLE XIII: ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION
1. The Board of Directors, the Executive Committee or a Standing Committee of ASV may
participate in a meeting and vote by means of a teleconference other communications equipment
that permits all persons participating in the meeting to hear each other at the same time.
Participation by such means shall constitute presence in person at the meeting.
2. If it is not possible or practical to hold an in-person meeting of the Membership of the Society, a
vote may be taken electronically and/or by mail. A notice of such a vote and its contents shall be
sent to the Membership at lease thirty days in advance of the vote.
ARTICLE XIV: INDEMNIFICATION
Each Director and Officer shall be indemnified by the Corporation to the fullest extent allowed by law
and as provided in Section 13.1-697 of the Code of Virginia against liabilities, fines, penalties and claims
imposed upon or asserted against him or her (including amounts paid in settlement) by reason of having
been such a Director or Officer, whether or not continuing so to be, and against all expenses (including
counsel fees) reasonably incurred by him or her in connection therewith, except in relation to matters as to
which he or she shall have been financially adjudged to be liable by reason of having been guilty of gross
negligence or willful misconduct in the performance of his or her duties as a Director or Officer.
Every reference herein to Director or Officer shall include every Director or Officer or former Director of
the Corporation. The right of indemnification hereby provided shall not be exclusive of any other rights
with which any Director or Officer may be entitled.
ARTICLE XIV: DISSOLUTION
In the event of the dissolution of the Society and after the payment of all lawful debts, the remaining
assets of the Society shall be transferred by action of the Board of Directors as provided by law to one or
more organizations of the Board’s choice operating for similar purposes under Section 501 (c) (3) of the
Internal Revenue Code of 1954 and amendments thereto, or to a Federal, State or local agency to be used
for public purposes.
ARTICLE XV: AMENDMENT OF BYLAWS
1. These bylaws may be amended at any regular or special meeting of the Society by a two-thirds
vote of the general membership present at the meeting.
2. Proposed amendments to the bylaws may originate with any member of the Board, any ten
members of the Society, or any chapter by a 2/3 vote of members present at a general or special
meeting of that chapter.
3. Proposed amendments shall be submitted in writing to the Board of Directors in time for them to
be submitted, with the recommendation of the Board, to the general membership at least thirty
days in advance of the meeting at which they are to be voted on.
Code of Ethics
(Revised and Passed 10/26/19)
The Archeological Society of Virginia values inclusivity and does not tolerate discrimination or harassment regarding age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, or sexual orientation.
A. The member and the archeological resource base
1. Members shall:
a. actively support the preservation of archeological sites.
b. know, understand, and comply with all federal, state, and local laws that apply to their archeological research.
c. insist upon, and act in such a way that, data recovered from a site are kept intact, properly curated, and made accessible to others with legitimate research interest in the collection.
d. work under the oversight of an archaeological professional who meets or exceeds qualifications established under the Secretary of Interior’s Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and Historic Preservation.
2. Members shall not:
a. undertake any archeological research project for which they lack appropriate expertise.
b. engage in activities which violate the UNESCO Convention governing the illicit import, export, and ownership of cultural property.
B. The member and the public
1. Members shall:
a. represent archeology and its results to the general public in a responsible manner.
b. be sensitive to and respect the concerns of groups whose cultural history is the subject of archeological or anthropological study.
c. avoid statements and behaviors that tend to encourage others to engage in unethical or illegal archeological activity.
2. Members shall not:
a. engage in any illegal/unethical conduct related to archeological matters, or knowingly permit the use of their name in support of such conduct.
b. render a professional opinion, public report, or give legal testimony on any archeological questions for which they have no expertise.
c. engage in dishonest, fraudulent, deceitful, or misleading conduct regarding archeological issues.
C. The member and their peers
1. Members shall:
a. appropriately credit the work of others when used in their own work.
b. communicate, cooperate, and share information with professional and amateur colleagues working in the same or related fields of research.
c. stay informed about developments in their fields of specialization.
2. Members shall not:
a. falsely or maliciously injure the reputation of their colleagues, amateurs, or professional archeologists.
b. plagiarize any oral, written, or electronic communication.
c. refuse reasonable requests for research data from qualified colleagues.